您现在的位置: 净心之旅,传统文化,国学讲座,禅修,辟谷,养生,禅文化,中医,文化交流,道家,禅商,儒释道讲座,佛文化,儒家文化,雅集,大师讲座,身心净化,会议会展,企业培训,年会策划,禅道商道,禅与企业管理,古琴,茶道,梵呗,道德经,知行合一,佛禅文化,禅修内观,佛法讲座,企业文化,企业家禅修,Silk Road,meditation,Kungfu,culture,tea >> 中华文化 >> 佛家文化 >> 释迦牟尼佛及大弟子传记 >> 佛陀十大弟子
  分类导航 Class
佛陀的一生--巴利藏经佛陀传记
The Life of Sakyamuni Buddha
佛本生故事集
Jataka Tales of the Buddha
佛本生故事
The Jataka Tales
佛陀十大弟子
Ten Great Disciples of the Buddha
  文化艺术交流项目
01
重走西行路-玄奘大师西行东归国内段(长安-秦州-凉州-安西-伊吾-白力城-高昌-龟兹-于阗...
02
Master Xuanzang’s footprint in China (Chang’an-Qinzhou-Liangzhou-Anxi-Yiwu-Bai...
03
2018年禅文化/企业家禅修/国学讲座/禅修净心/道家养生/中医辟谷/佛艺雅集及世界儒释道...
04
石窟壁画艺术-龙门+云岗+麦积山+炳灵寺+莫高窟+柏兹克里克+吐峪沟+克孜尔+森姆塞姆石窟...
05
九华山排毒养生-大德开示-禅修净心4星级酒店(净心之旅国际文化010-59796156)
06
Mahayana Buddhism first entered China through Silk Road
07
Astrological Explanation of Inedia/Breatharianism
08
如何在生活和工作中运用《金刚经》之“应无所住而生其心”
09
欧洲文化艺术精华-博物馆美术馆全覆盖(德国-法国-意大利-梵蒂冈-奥地利-荷兰-比利时)美...
10
诚征中医理疗养生合作单位-针对欧美人(推拿按摩,针灸,拔罐,刮痧等)
11
重走玄奘大师西行路禅文化交流
12
2017年禅文化/企业家禅修/国学讲座/禅修净心/道家养生/中医辟谷/佛艺雅集及世界儒释道...
13
玄奘大师西行路/桑奇佛塔/阿旃陀石窟/内观体验
14
中华传统武术-少林功夫及传统文化体验课程
15
柬埔寨吴哥、金边6天5晚 文化交流+禅修之旅
16
关于净心优秀传统文化艺术讲堂
17
禅修养生:参禅打坐, 修身养性
18
公益行-相约九华山佛学讲座+禅修+朝山净心之旅4天
更多...

UPALI Foremost in Keeping the Precepts(优波离尊者)
来源:净心之旅 更新日期: 2016-8-7 浏览次数: 422 字号选择:  




Six young nobles of the Shakya tribe - Ananda, Anuruddha, Bhaddiya, Bhagu,Devadatta and Kimbila - resolved together to become Shakyamuni's disciples. When they left the kingdom's capital, Kapilavatthu, it was with such a great train of carts, horses, elephants, and retainers that everyone thought they were embarking on an excursion. 


At the boundary between the land of the Shakyas and the kingdom of Magadha, however, they sent their entire train back to the capital, keeping with them only Upali, a barber.



In a grove on the border, they ordered Upali to shave their heads. Next they removed their rich clothes and jeweled ornaments and put on the coarse garments they had prepared. They then said to the barber, “Upali, you have served us long and well. 


We have made up our minds to go to Anupiya, in the kingdom of Malla, where Shakyamuni is staying, and ask him to include us among his disciples. Since we are going to renounce the secular world these clothes and ornaments are no longer of any use to us. Take them all and return quickly with them to Kapilavatthu.”



Upali stared after the young nobles as they vanished into the forest. Then, coming to himself, he was overwhelmed by the heap of costly things lying, at his feet. Trembling, he picked them up and hastily, concealed himself in the woods, where he puzzled over the meaning of what had just happened. He thought, “There can be no doubt that I have been given great wealth, enough to feed me for the rest of my life.” But he at once saw that if he took the riches home, people would suspect him of having stolen them. 


To a man like Upali, who had always been honest, being the object of such suspicions would have been intolerable. Even if he reported what had happened, he would probably be punished for having aided the young nobles in abandoning secular life for the life of religion, Upali was at his wits' end.



Then he began wondering why the six young men had given up their lives of wealth and comfort to devote themselves to religion. He suddenly recalled words he had heard a few days earlier at the Nigrodha Monastery, outside Kapilavatthu: “All the suffering of the world is born of greed. Unless greed is abandoned, true peace of mind is impossible to attain.” The speaker had been Shakyamuni, who had once been the Shakya crown prince but had left home to search for the Way to perfect enlightenment.


Upali immediately saw that the cause of his confusion and fear was the desire that had awakened in him as soon as he had received the nobles' belongings. “Now I understand,” he exclaimed to himself. “Those young men left the secular world in the hope of finding peace of mind.” He realized that Shakyamuni was a great person, able to see the innermost recesses of the 


human heart. Upali resolved to ask the young men to take him with them to Shakyamuni. No longer interested in the garments and jewels, he hung them on trees, one to a branch. Praying, that some pure-hearted traveler would find and be made happy by the riches, he hastened after the nobles. 


That decision required great determination. The barber Upali, who was later to be revered as preeminent in keeping the precepts, had been born into the lowest of the four major castes, which were rigidly fixed in the time of Shakyamuni. People born into one of these castes - the Brahmans at the top, followed by the Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, and Sudras--remained in it for life. 


Those in the lowest caste had no hope of improving their status, regardless of ability. Members of the Sudra caste, like Upali, were not permitted to eat with, much less fraternize with or marry, members of the caste to which the nobles belonged.



Thinking Upali had returned to Kapilavatthu, the young men were surprised to see him in 


pursuit and asked him what was the matter. What had happened to the clothes and jewels they had given him? Had he been set upon by robbers? Panting, Upali replied, “No. Please listen to what I have to say. Riches of that kind are not suitable for a poor man like me. First of all, they would disturb my peace of mind. Be good enough to take me with you to Shakyamuni.” 


They did as he asked, and thus the six young nobles and Upali the barber made obeisance together at the feet of the Buddha.



The Buddha asked the six young nobles who the man behind them was and was told that he was Upali the barber, who though of low birth had served the Shakyas well. Stiff with fear, Upali advanced timidly. Shakyamuni gently asked if he was seeking the Way. Upali replied, “Yes, if a person of mean birth like me can be permitted to become a monk..”


With a deep nod, Shakyamuni said, “Upali, people are not valuable because of birth. Put your mind at rest. Our Sangha makes no distinction on the basis of occupation or social class. The only rank that exists is seniority in the Sangha itself. Receive your ordination now.”


The six young nobles were astounded that Upali should be ordained ahead of them, since 


this would mean they would be in a lower position than he and would have to pay reverence to him. One of them voiced their general discontent, “But Upali was our servant. . . .”


Shakyamuni replied crisply, “Why should people who have left secular life to be free of the desires of the world persist in clinging to discrimination by social class? That is not how you should seek the Way.”


Having been a prince himself, Shakyamuni no doubt saw the conceit of these young men, who formerly had commanded the services of hordes of underlings. It was to awaken them to their own pride that he ordained Upali ahead of them. It is said that the young men recognized the meaning of the Buddha's act and paid sincere reverence to Upali after he was ordained, taking places inferior to his.


One scripture offers the following account of why Upali was able to overcome his lowly birth to become one of the Buddha's disciples. When Shakyamuni was a hermit in an earlier existence, he once asked the palace barber to shave his head, but the barber refused contemptuously because of the hermit's wretched appearance. 


The barber's nephew, who was an inexperienced novice, condemned his uncle's unkindness and did his best to shave the hermit. The young man revered the hermit thereafter and prayed to be reborn as a barber serving, him in a future life, in which he would continue to seek the Way. This man was Upali in an earlier existence.



Neither proud nor service, always accepting frankly what people said and doing all things sincerely, Upali learned and kept all he precepts so well that he surpassed all other members of the Sangha in this endeavor.


Upali once asked for permission to retire to the seclusion of the forests to train himself in meditative concentration, but Shakyamuni replied, "Each person has his own abilities. You are not made for the solitude of the forests. Let us imagine a huge elephant bathing happily in a lake. What would happen if a rabbit or a cat, observing the elephants' enjoyment, tried to emulate it by jumping into the water?" 


Upali then realized that he should remain in the Sangha, devoting himself to discipline and training, keeping the precepts, and serving as a guide to the other monks. Whenever he entertained the least doubt on some point, he immediately referred the question to the Buddha. He kept all the precepts - beginning of course with the five basic ones of not taking life, stealing, indulging in sexual misconduct, lying or drinking intoxicants - so well that other people began coming to him for advice on them.



It must not be thought, however, that Upali followed the precepts dogmatically. He knew how to make exceptions. Once he met a sick old monk who was returning from a journey. Hearing that the old man's illness could be cured by drinking wine, Upali went to his master and asked what he should do. The Buddha said that sick people were exempted from the precept forbidding the drinking of intoxicants. Upali immediately gave wine to the old man, who recovered.


Upali observed the precepts for the sake of all the monks and for the improvement of the Sangha. He was revered for the way in which he resolved the disputes that frequently disturbed the Sangha, and after the Buddha's death he contributed greatly to the successful transmission of the Buddha's teachings to later generations by authenticating the precepts at the First Council, which met to compile the Buddha's teachings.




上一篇:MAHA-KASSAPA Foremost in Ascetic Practices (摩诃迦叶尊者)
下一篇:ANANDA Foremost in Hearing Many Teachings (阿难尊者)

首页 | 联系我们 | 公益合作 | 商务合作 | 其他业务 | 版权声明 | 申请链接
北京办公室:010-59796156 西安办公室:029-89396276
新疆办公室:0991-2671466 河南办公室:13937187005
QQ: 2304721043 1047423912 
邮箱:eileen@188.com bailimei@188.com
Copyright (C) 2015-2035 净心之旅(北京)国际文化交流有限公司
jingxinzhilv.net 净心之旅.net
备案/许可证:京ICP备15038525号-1