您现在的位置: 净心之旅,传统文化,国学讲座,禅修,辟谷,养生,禅文化,中医,文化交流,道家,禅商,儒释道讲座,佛文化,儒家文化,雅集,大师讲座,身心净化,会议会展,企业培训,年会策划,禅道商道,禅与企业管理,古琴,茶道,梵呗,道德经,知行合一,佛禅文化,禅修内观,佛法讲座,企业文化,企业家禅修,Silk Road,meditation,Kungfu,culture,tea >> 中华文化 >> 儒家文化 >> 論語
  分类导航 Class
儒家文化-儒家常识
Confucianism
論語
The Analects of Confucius
  文化艺术交流项目
01
重走西行路-玄奘大师西行东归国内段(长安-秦州-凉州-安西-伊吾-白力城-高昌-龟兹-于阗...
02
Master Xuanzang’s footprint in China (Chang’an-Qinzhou-Liangzhou-Anxi-Yiwu-Bai...
03
2018年禅文化/企业家禅修/国学讲座/禅修净心/道家养生/中医辟谷/佛艺雅集及世界儒释道...
04
石窟壁画艺术-龙门+云岗+麦积山+炳灵寺+莫高窟+柏兹克里克+吐峪沟+克孜尔+森姆塞姆石窟...
05
九华山排毒养生-大德开示-禅修净心4星级酒店(净心之旅国际文化010-59796156)
06
Mahayana Buddhism first entered China through Silk Road
07
Astrological Explanation of Inedia/Breatharianism
08
如何在生活和工作中运用《金刚经》之“应无所住而生其心”
09
欧洲文化艺术精华-博物馆美术馆全覆盖(德国-法国-意大利-梵蒂冈-奥地利-荷兰-比利时)美...
10
诚征中医理疗养生合作单位-针对欧美人(推拿按摩,针灸,拔罐,刮痧等)
11
重走玄奘大师西行路禅文化交流
12
2017年禅文化/企业家禅修/国学讲座/禅修净心/道家养生/中医辟谷/佛艺雅集及世界儒释道...
13
玄奘大师西行路/桑奇佛塔/阿旃陀石窟/内观体验
14
中华传统武术-少林功夫及传统文化体验课程
15
柬埔寨吴哥、金边6天5晚 文化交流+禅修之旅
16
关于净心优秀传统文化艺术讲堂
17
禅修养生:参禅打坐, 修身养性
18
公益行-相约九华山佛学讲座+禅修+朝山净心之旅4天
更多...

13. 子路--The Analects of Confucius 論語
来源:净心之旅 更新日期: 2016-4-18 浏览次数: 778 字号选择:  




The Analects of Confucius 論語

Translated by A. Charles Muller


13. 子路


[13-1] 子路問政。子曰。先之、勞之。請益。曰。無倦。

[13:1] Zi Lu asked about how to govern. Confucius said, “Lead the people and work hard for them.”

“Is there anything else?”

“Don't get discouraged.”


[13-2] 仲弓爲季氏宰、問政。子曰。先有司、赦小過、擧賢才。曰。焉知賢才而擧之 曰。擧爾所不知、人其舍諸 。

[13:2] Zhong Gong, currently serving as prime minister to the head of the Chi family, asked about government.

Confucius said, “First get some officers; then grant pardon to all the petty offenses and then put virtuous and able men into positions of responsibility.”

He asked, “How am I going to find these virtuous and able men to get them into these positions?”

The Master said, “Select from those you know. Will the people let you ignore the ones you don't know of?”


[13-3] 子路曰。衞君待子而爲政、子將奚先 子曰。必也正名乎。子路曰。有是哉。子之迂也 奚其正 子曰。野哉、由也 君子於其所不知、蓋闕如也。名不正、則言不訓。言不訓、則事不成。事不成、則禮樂不興。禮樂不興、則刑罰不中。刑罰不中、則民無所措手足。故君子名之必可言也、言之必可行也。君子於其言、無所苟而已矣。。

[13:3] Zi Lu said: “The ruler of Wei is anticipating your assistance in the administration of his state. What will be your top priority?”

Confucius said, “There must be a correction of terminology.”

Zi Lu said, “Are you serious? Why is this so important?”

Confucius said, “You are really simple, aren't you? A noble man is cautious about jumping to conclusions about that which he does not know.”


“If terminology is not corrected, then what is said cannot be followed. If what is said cannot be followed, then work cannot be accomplished. If work cannot be accomplished, then ritual and music cannot be developed. If ritual and music cannot be developed, then criminal punishments will not be appropriate. If criminal punishments are not appropriate, the people cannot make a move. Therefore, the noble man needs to have his terminology applicable to real language, and his speech must accord with his actions. The speech of the noble man cannot be indefinite.”


[13-4] 樊遲請學稼、子曰。吾不如老農。請學爲圃、曰。吾不如老圃。樊遲出、子曰。小人哉、樊須也 上好禮、則民莫敢不敬。上好義、則民莫敢不服。上好信、則民莫敢不用情。夫如是、則四方之民、襁負其子而至矣。焉用稼 。

[13:4] Fan Chi wanted to ask about agriculture.

Confucius said, “Why don't you ask an old farmer?”

Fan Chi then said that he would like to learn about gardening.

Confucius said, “Why don't you ask an old gardener?” Fan Chi left. Confucius said, “Fan is really simple, isn't he? If the men in charge love propriety, the people can't stand to be disrespectful. If the men in charge love fairness, then the people can't stand not to follow them. If the men in charge love trust, then the people cannot stand not to respond with their emotions. If you were to govern in this way, the people would come flocking to your kingdom, carrying their babies on their backs. Why do you have to worry about agriculture?”


[13-5] 子曰。誦詩三百。授之以政、不達。使於四方、不能專對。雖多、亦奚以爲 。

[13:5] The Master said: “You can recite the 300 poems from the Book of Odes, but when you try to use them in administration, they are not effective (da), 32 and in handling the outerlying regions, you cannot apply them, then even though you know a lot, what good is it?”


[13-6] 子曰。其身正、不令而行。其身不正、雖令不從。

[13:6] The Master said: “When you have gotten your own life straightened out, things will go well without your giving orders. But if your own life isn't straightened out, even if you give orders, no one will follow them.”


[13-7] 子曰。魯、衞之政、兄弟也。

[13:7] The governments of Lu and Wei are elder and younger brothers. 33


[13-8] 子謂衞公子荊善居屋:始有、曰。苟合矣。』 少有、曰。苟完矣。』 富有、曰。苟美矣。』 。

[13:8] Confucius said of Gongzi Jing of Wei that he was good at managing his household. When he began to accumulate property, he said “it seems to be enough.” When he had a little more, he said “this will do.” When he became rich, he said “this is pretty good.”

Comment: Gongzi Jing was a senior official in the state of Wei he was said to be exceptionally good at handling finances. Thus, this passage reflects his self-critical attitude toward his own accomplishment, which, for someone of lesser skills, would have been more impressive.


[13-9] 子適衞、冉有僕。子曰。庶矣哉。冉有曰。旣庶矣、又何加焉 曰。富之。曰。旣富矣、又何加焉 曰。教之。

[13:9] Ran You was driving for the Master on a trip to Wei. Confucius said, “How populous it is here.”

Ran You said, “Once there are so many people, what should be done?”

“Enrich them,” said the Master.

“Once they are enriched, what next?”

“Educate them.”


[13-10] 子曰。苟有用我者、期月而已可也、三年有成。

[13:10] The Master said: “If any of the rulers were to employ me, I would have control of the situation within a month, and would have everything straightened out within three years.”


[13-11] 子曰。善人爲邦百年、亦可以勝殘去殺矣。』 誠哉是言也 。

[13:11] The Master said: “If good men were to govern a country for a hundred years, they could overcome cruelty and do away with killing. How true this saying is!”


[13-12] 子曰。如有王者、必世而後仁。

[13:12] The Master said: “Even if you have the position of kingship, it would still take a generation for ren to prevail.”


[13-13] 子曰。苟正其身矣、於從政乎何有 不能正其身、如正人何 。

[13:13] The Master said: “If you can correct yourself, what problem will you have in governing? If you can't correct yourself, how can you correct others?”


[13-14] 冉子退朝。子曰、何晏也。對曰。有政。子曰。其事也。 如有政、雖不吾以、吾其與聞之 。

[13:14] Ran Zi returned from court. The Master said “What kept you?” Ran replied: “I had official business.” The Master said, “It was a personal matter, right? If it were official business, even though I am no longer directly involved, I would have heard about it.”


[13-15] 定公問:一言而可以興邦、有諸 孔子對曰。言不可以若是其幾也 人之言曰。爲君難、爲臣不易。』 如知爲君之難也、不幾乎一言而興邦乎。曰。一言而喪邦、有諸 孔子對曰。言不可以若是其幾也 人之言曰。予無樂乎爲君、唯其言而莫予違也。』 如其善而莫之違也、不亦善乎。如不善而莫之違也、不幾乎一言而喪邦乎。

[13:15] Duke Ding asked if there were a single phrase which could uplift a country.

Confucius replied: “Words in themselves cannot have such an effect. Nonetheless, there is a proverb which says, ‘Being a ruler is difficult, and being a minister is not easy.’ If you really understand the difficulties of rulership, might this not be enough to uplift a country?”


The Duke asked further: “Is this not close to the saying ‘there a single phrase which could ruin a country?’”

Confucius answered, “Again, words in themselves cannot have such an effect, but the people also have a proverb which says: ‘I do not enjoy ruling; I only enjoy people not disagreeing with me.’ Now if you are a good man and no one disagrees with you, it is fine. But if you are evil, and no one disagrees with you, perhaps you could destroy the country with a single utterance.”


[13-16] 葉公問政。子曰。近者說、遠者來。

[13:16] The Duke of She asked about government. Confucius said, “If you do it right, then those close to you will be happy, and those who are far away will come to you.”


[13-17] 子夏爲莒父宰、問政。子曰。無欲速。無見小利。欲速則不達。見小利則大事不成。

[13:17] Zi Xia, who was serving as governor of Jufu, asked about government. Confucius said, “Don't be impatient, and don't look for small advantages. If you are impatient, you will not be thorough (‘penetrating,’ da ). If you look for small advantages, you will never accomplish anything great.”


[13-18] 葉公語孔子曰。吾黨有直躬者。其父攘羊而子證之。 孔子曰。吾黨之直者異於是。父爲子隱、子爲父隱、直在其中矣。

[13:18] The Duke of She told Confucius: “In my land, there are righteous men. If a father steals a sheep, the son will testify against him.”

Confucius said, “The righteous men in my land are different from this. The father conceals the wrongs of his son, and the son conceals the wrongs of his father. This is the correct way!”


[13-19] 樊遲問仁。子曰。居處恭、執事敬、與人忠。雖之夷狄、不可棄也。

[13:19] Fan Chi asked about ren. Confucius said, “Be naturally courteous, be respectful in working for superiors and be sincere to people. Even the barbarian tribes cannot do without this.”


[13-20] 子貢問曰。何如斯可謂之士矣。子曰。行己有恥。使於四方、不辱君命。可謂士矣。曰。敢問其次 曰。宗族稱孝焉、鄕黨稱弟焉。曰。敢問其次 曰。言必信、行必果。硜硜然、小人哉。抑亦可以爲次矣。曰。今之從政者何如 子曰。噫 斗筲之人、何足算也 。

[13:20] Zi Gong asked: “What must a man be like to be called a shi?”

The Master said, “One who in conducting himself maintains a sense of honor, and who when sent to the four quarters of the world does not disgrace his prince's commission, may be called a shi.” [...translation incomplete]


[13-21] 子曰。不得中行而與之、必也狂狷乎。狂者進取、狷者有所不爲也。

[13:21] The Master said: “Since I can't get men who act according to the middle way, I must find the adamant and the cautious. The adamant go after things, the cautious restrain themselves from doing certain things.”


[Comment] “Adamant” is a translation of guang  which can also be translated into English as “crazy,” “wild,” “unbridled” etc., referring to the sort of personality we often associate with poets, painters and musicians. Important Confucian thinkers such as Mencius and Wang Yangming understood a measure of uncontrolledness to be a useful ingredient of the personality of the person who was striving for the Way.


[13-22] 子曰。南人有言曰。人而無恆、不可以作巫醫。』 善夫不恆其德、或承之羞。』 子曰。不占而已矣。

[13:22] The Master said: “The Southerners have a saying: ‘If a man is not constant in his self-cultivation, he cannot be a shaman or a healer.’ It is a good proverb. If you are not consistently developing your virtue, what can you give to others? You will not even be able to give a diagnosis.”


[13-23] 子曰。君子和而不同。小人同而不和。

[13:23] The Master said: “The noble man is in harmony but does not follow the crowd. The inferior man follows the crowd, but is not in harmony.”


[13-24] 子貢問曰。鄕人皆好之、何如 子曰。未可也。鄕人皆惡之、何如 子曰。未可也。不如鄕人之善者好之、其不善者惡之。

[13:24] Zi Gong asked: “What do you think if all the people in town like someone?”

“Not too good,” said Confucius.

“What if they all hate you?”

“Also not too good. It is better if the good people in town like you, and the evil ones hate you.”


[13-25] 子曰。君子易事而難說也。說之不以道、不說也。及其使人也、器之。小人難事而易說也。說之雖不以道、說也。及其使人也、求備焉。

[13:25] The Master said: “The reason that the noble man is easy to work for, but difficult to please, is because if you try to please him by devious means, he will not be happy. And in his employment of people, he gives them work according to their ability. The inferior man is difficult to work for, but easy to please. Even if you have used devious means to please him, he will still be happy. And in his employment of people, he tries to squeeze everything out of them that he can.”


[13-26] 子曰。君子泰而不驕。小人驕而不泰。

[13:26] The Master said: “The noble man is self-confident without being arrogant. The inferior man is arrogant and lacks self-confidence.”


[13-27] 子曰。剛、毅、木訥、近仁。

[13:27] The Master said: “With firmness, strength, simplicity and caution in speaking, you will be close to ren.”


[13-28] 子路問曰。何如斯可謂之士』 矣。子曰。切切、偲偲、怡怡如也、可謂士』 矣。朋友切切偲偲、兄弟怡怡。

[13:28] Zi Lu asked: “What sort of man deserves to be called a shi?”

Confucius said, “If you are decisive, kind and gentle, you can be called a shi. With friends, the shi is clear but kind. With his brothers he is gentle.”


[13-29-30] 子曰。善人教民七年、亦可以卽戎矣。子曰。以不教民戰、是謂棄之。

[13:29-30] The Master said: “Only when good men have instructed the people for seven years, may they take up arms. To lead untrained people into battle is the same as throwing them away.”






上一篇:12. 顏淵--The Analects of Confucius 論語
下一篇:14. 憲問--The Analects of Confucius 論語

首页 | 联系我们 | 公益合作 | 商务合作 | 其他业务 | 版权声明 | 申请链接
北京办公室:010-59796156 西安办公室:029-89396276
新疆办公室:0991-2671466 河南办公室:13937187005
QQ: 2304721043 1047423912 
邮箱:eileen@188.com bailimei@188.com
Copyright (C) 2015-2035 净心之旅(北京)国际文化交流有限公司
jingxinzhilv.net 净心之旅.net
备案/许可证:京ICP备15038525号-1