您现在的位置: 净心之旅,传统文化,国学讲座,禅修,辟谷,养生,禅文化,中医,文化交流,道家,禅商,儒释道讲座,佛文化,儒家文化,雅集,大师讲座,身心净化,会议会展,企业培训,年会策划,禅道商道,禅与企业管理,古琴,茶道,梵呗,道德经,知行合一,佛禅文化,禅修内观,佛法讲座,企业文化,企业家禅修,Silk Road,meditation,Kungfu,culture,tea >> 世界文化遗产 >> 丝绸之路
  分类导航 Class
丝绸之路
Silk Road
石窟壁画艺术
Grotto Mural Arts
世界奇迹大观
World Wonders
亚非世界文化遗产
Asia & Africa
欧美世界文化遗产
Europe/America
世界非物质文化遗产
Non-material Culture
  文化艺术交流项目
01
重走西行路-玄奘大师西行东归国内段(长安-秦州-凉州-安西-伊吾-白力城-高昌-龟兹-于阗...
02
Master Xuanzang’s footprint in China (Chang’an-Qinzhou-Liangzhou-Anxi-Yiwu-Bai...
03
2018年禅文化/企业家禅修/国学讲座/禅修净心/道家养生/中医辟谷/佛艺雅集及世界儒释道...
04
石窟壁画艺术-龙门+云岗+麦积山+炳灵寺+莫高窟+柏兹克里克+吐峪沟+克孜尔+森姆塞姆石窟...
05
九华山排毒养生-大德开示-禅修净心4星级酒店(净心之旅国际文化010-59796156)
06
Mahayana Buddhism first entered China through Silk Road
07
Astrological Explanation of Inedia/Breatharianism
08
如何在生活和工作中运用《金刚经》之“应无所住而生其心”
09
欧洲文化艺术精华-博物馆美术馆全覆盖(德国-法国-意大利-梵蒂冈-奥地利-荷兰-比利时)美...
10
诚征中医理疗养生合作单位-针对欧美人(推拿按摩,针灸,拔罐,刮痧等)
11
重走玄奘大师西行路禅文化交流
12
2017年禅文化/企业家禅修/国学讲座/禅修净心/道家养生/中医辟谷/佛艺雅集及世界儒释道...
13
玄奘大师西行路/桑奇佛塔/阿旃陀石窟/内观体验
14
中华传统武术-少林功夫及传统文化体验课程
15
柬埔寨吴哥、金边6天5晚 文化交流+禅修之旅
16
关于净心优秀传统文化艺术讲堂
17
禅修养生:参禅打坐, 修身养性
18
公益行-相约九华山佛学讲座+禅修+朝山净心之旅4天
更多...

4.Turkic-Islamification of Central Asia--The Silk Road “Time”
来源:净心之旅 更新日期: 2016-4-6 浏览次数: 647 字号选择:  





4. Turkic-Islamification of Central Asia

(9)

At the end of the eighth century, Uighurs (0108), originally inhabitants of the Mongolian Plateau (02) migrated south into the Turfan basin where they establisged their Uighur Empire.


TheBezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves(9) (01) were built by Uighurs between the ninth and the tenth century. 


At Kara-Khōja, for example, banners portraying Uighur donors (01) have been excavated.


During the tenth century, the Turkish Karakhanid Dynasty conquered a large area of Central Asia not including Turfan. 


These two Turkic Kingdoms, the Uighur Kingdom and the Karakhanid Dynasty, brought the Turkic language into Central Asia—thereby replacing the Aryan people and their languages. 


At the same time, there was an increased mixing between peoples, which further contributed to the Turkification of the region. 


In addition, because the Karakhanid Dynasty was Islamic, this contributed to the Islamification of Central Asia (Muhammadan Tombs in Tumshuk(10)Ruin of Muhammadan Tomb in Khara-Khoto(11)).


Such was the extent of these influences that the region came to be known as Turkestan, which literally means “the Land of the Turkic peoples” (08).


(10) (11)

During Song dynasty times in China, the Tangut people established their Western Xia Dynasty (1032-1227) in the northwestern part of China. 


This powerful state came to control the Hexi Corridor during this period. Fervently Buddhist, the Western Xia constructed new cave temples at the Mogao Caves at Dunhuang , in addition to repairing the older ones which had been built there much earlier. 


The famous Library Cave (Cangjing-dong, Cave 17) (05), where a great number of manuscripts and paintings were famously found in 1900 was walled up for some reason during the Western Xia period. 


The Tanguts of the Western Xia also built the city of Khara-Khoto (08) at the point on the Silk Road where two routes (the east-west route connecting outer Mongolia to the Tian Shan and the north-south route connecting the Oasis cities of Jiuquan and Zhangye along Hexi Corridor) come together.







上一篇:3.The Tang Protectorate over Central Asia--The Silk Road “Time”
下一篇:5. The Twilight of the Silk Road--The Silk Road “Time”

首页 | 联系我们 | 公益合作 | 商务合作 | 其他业务 | 版权声明 | 申请链接
北京办公室:010-59796156 西安办公室:029-89396276
新疆办公室:0991-2671466 河南办公室:13937187005
QQ: 2304721043 1047423912 
邮箱:eileen@188.com bailimei@188.com
Copyright (C) 2015-2035 净心之旅(北京)国际文化交流有限公司
jingxinzhilv.net 净心之旅.net
备案/许可证:京ICP备15038525号-1