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3.A talented specialist: Paul Pelliot--The Protagonists of the Central Asian Expedition Race
来源:净心之旅 更新日期: 2016-4-6 浏览次数: 655 字号选择:  




A talented specialist: Paul Pelliot

(13)

It was 27-year-old Paul Pelliot (Portrait of Pelliot(13)), who was appointed leader of the French expedition team, which arrived rather late to the exploration scene of Central Asia. 


An up-and-coming scholar of Chinese Studies, by the age of 22, Pelliot was already serving as a professor of Chinese at l' Ecole Française d'Extréme Orient, in Hanoi. 


He not only had efficient ability in reading and writing Chinese, but his knowledge of Chinese history and culture was also profound.


(14)

Since France came on the scene late, they were unable to perform archaeological research on any untouched sites in the way that Stein and the Germans had done in previous time.


However, at Tumsuk (Seated Buddha excavated at Tumsuk(14)), Pelliot was able to uncover numerous manuscripts at the Buddhist temple sites that his counterparts had missed. This was because he was an outstanding linguist who had a good command of 13 languages, with expert knowledge about what the things he was aiming to excavate.


Pelliot's astounding language abilities can be understood from an episode which happened when he was en route to Central Asia, waiting for his luggage at Tashkent. 


During the month he was there waiting for his luggage to arrive, he mastered the native east Turkish language. He was known for his incredible memory, and Louis Vayant, anarmy surgeon who accompanied Pelliot on the expedition making maps and collecting natural history specimens writes this about him:


Pelliot made brief notes whose accuracy and detail astonished their recipients in France. They could not understand how, in the wilds and far from a library, he could possibly recall certain facts or texts… His prodigious memory enabled him to do without all reference material (From "Foreign Devils on the Silk Road", pp.188-189).

Although he was amazingly gifted, the First World War prevented him from finishing the arrangement and organization of the materials he had collected throughout his expeditions. No expedition reports had ever published during his lifetime. 


Even the six-volume of photographs, "Les grottes de Touen-Houang", Paris, 1920-24 an indispensable research material in the study of the Dunhuang Mogao Grottoes (Thousand Buddhas Caves, Dunhuang), the only published work compiled by Pelliot with his simple preface.





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