您现在的位置: 净心之旅,传统文化,国学讲座,禅修,辟谷,养生,禅文化,中医,文化交流,道家,禅商,儒释道讲座,佛文化,儒家文化,雅集,大师讲座,身心净化,会议会展,企业培训,年会策划,禅道商道,禅与企业管理,古琴,茶道,梵呗,道德经,知行合一,佛禅文化,禅修内观,佛法讲座,企业文化,企业家禅修,Silk Road,meditation,Kungfu,culture,tea >> 世界文化遗产 >> 丝绸之路
  分类导航 Class
丝绸之路
Silk Road
石窟壁画艺术
Grotto Mural Arts
世界奇迹大观
World Wonders
亚非世界文化遗产
Asia & Africa
欧美世界文化遗产
Europe/America
世界非物质文化遗产
Non-material Culture
  文化艺术交流项目
01
重走西行路-玄奘大师西行东归国内段(长安-秦州-凉州-安西-伊吾-白力城-高昌-龟兹-于阗...
02
Master Xuanzang’s footprint in China (Chang’an-Qinzhou-Liangzhou-Anxi-Yiwu-Bai...
03
2018年禅文化/企业家禅修/国学讲座/禅修净心/道家养生/中医辟谷/佛艺雅集及世界儒释道...
04
石窟壁画艺术-龙门+云岗+麦积山+炳灵寺+莫高窟+柏兹克里克+吐峪沟+克孜尔+森姆塞姆石窟...
05
九华山排毒养生-大德开示-禅修净心4星级酒店(净心之旅国际文化010-59796156)
06
Mahayana Buddhism first entered China through Silk Road
07
Astrological Explanation of Inedia/Breatharianism
08
如何在生活和工作中运用《金刚经》之“应无所住而生其心”
09
欧洲文化艺术精华-博物馆美术馆全覆盖(德国-法国-意大利-梵蒂冈-奥地利-荷兰-比利时)美...
10
诚征中医理疗养生合作单位-针对欧美人(推拿按摩,针灸,拔罐,刮痧等)
11
重走玄奘大师西行路禅文化交流
12
2017年禅文化/企业家禅修/国学讲座/禅修净心/道家养生/中医辟谷/佛艺雅集及世界儒释道...
13
玄奘大师西行路/桑奇佛塔/阿旃陀石窟/内观体验
14
中华传统武术-少林功夫及传统文化体验课程
15
柬埔寨吴哥、金边6天5晚 文化交流+禅修之旅
16
关于净心优秀传统文化艺术讲堂
17
禅修养生:参禅打坐, 修身养性
18
公益行-相约九华山佛学讲座+禅修+朝山净心之旅4天
更多...

1.The Pioneer of the Desert: Sven Hedin--The Protagonists of the Central Asian Expedition Race
来源:净心之旅 更新日期: 2016-4-6 浏览次数: 540 字号选择:  



The Protagonists of the Central Asian Expedition Race

The Pioneer of the Desert: Sven Hedin

(4)

It was the Taklamakan Desert expedition (Hedin’s First Expedition, 1893-97) by the Swedish explorer Sven Hedin(Portrait of Hedin(4)) that paved the way for the great expedition rush to follow Having studied geography, Hedin’s main concern was to explore unknown areas in order to fill in the blank spots on the world map. 


He was attracted at the same time by the antiquities that were found one after another, and was also fascinated by a legend told in the Tarīm Basin about an “ancient city asleep beneath the desert”.


It was Hedin’s mentor Ferdinand von Richthofen who gave him an important insight which would affect the course of the expedition. 


Richthofen, who was studying the aridificationof Western America and Western Central Asia, thought that Central Asia once covered by the ocean and that civilization came into being in areas around where certain portions of the sea had dried up. 


His interest in desertification drew his attention to the Tarīm Basin, and it was he who suggested Hedin to research the area.


The antiquities excavated from Khōtan that the Russian consul Nikolai Petrovsky in Kashgar showed Hedin further encouraged Hedin to make the to Khōtan. 


Entering the Taklamakan Desert north-northeastward from Khōtan in mid January 1896, Hedin found a site of ruins buried under quicksand. 


The news of the discovery of an “Ancient City of the Taklamakan” (later known as the “Ancient City of Sven Hedin”) created a huge impact with scholars in Europe. It was this discovery which first proved that the legend was not just a fairy tale.


For his second expedition (1899-1902), Hedin went out to search for more information on Lake Lop Nor, whih had been shrouded in so much mystery. During his search, however, he located the legendary city Loulan.


At Loulan, Hedin excavated several ancient graves, recorded the mummies in photographs and sketches, and carried out simple research, such as taking samples textiles found on the mummies. It was clear that a full-scale excavation project of the site would result in a significant archaeological accomplishment. 


Hedin, however, was satisfied by the sole fact that he was the one who first rediscovered the city. Since he was not an archaeological specialist, he thought that the site should be left to the hands of those archaeologists who would follow him. And indeed, the explorers who followed in Hedin footsteps made full use of the information that he left concerning the archaeological site.


Hedin would also influence later explorers in regard to exploring techniques. For example, during the dangerous journey across the Taklamakan Desert, Hedin barely managed to survive with no water for 5 days, losing his fellow expedition members and camels one by one.


 Hedin’s experiences in the desert would be a gold mine of information and advice for later explorers who could learn from his mistakes and experiences. 


Furthermore, the maps that he drew over his journeys across the vast Tarīm Basin became a guide for finding the ancient cities tucked deep in the desert. Hedin staked his life to become a great pioneer of the Central Asian desert.






上一篇:The history of Central Asian Exploration--Explorers: The Race for Info...
下一篇:2.The expert of research: Marc Aurel Stein--The Protagonists of the Ce...

首页 | 联系我们 | 公益合作 | 商务合作 | 其他业务 | 版权声明 | 申请链接
北京办公室:010-59796156 西安办公室:029-89396276
新疆办公室:0991-2671466 河南办公室:13937187005
QQ: 2304721043 1047423912 
邮箱:eileen@188.com bailimei@188.com
Copyright (C) 2015-2035 净心之旅(北京)国际文化交流有限公司
jingxinzhilv.net 净心之旅.net
备案/许可证:京ICP备15038525号-1