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The German Expedition Team Surveys and the Post-Expedition Fate of the Murals-Central Asian Buddhism4
来源:净心之旅 更新日期: 2016-3-26 浏览次数: 563 字号选择:  



The German Expedition Team Surveys and the Post-Expedition Fate of the Murals

The Buddhist caves were completely abandoned around the mid-fifteenth century to mid-sixteenth century when local population converted to Islam. By the time that the German expedition team reached Bezeklik, the caves were buried beneath thick layers of sand and sediment. 


However, being buried in the sands of the desert actually had a positive effect on the murals, effectively protecting them from the raging wind and other climatic conditions of the area. Indeed, the paintings were discovered in nearly perfect condition and Le Coq left this account of their excavation :


(18)

The narrow corridors, which in these temples often encircle the cella, existed here, too, but were filled from the floor to the top of the walls with fairly compact mountain sand. With some difficulty I got on to these heaps of sand in the left corridor, and as I clambered up the sand slipped down under the weight of my body, so that by constantly lifting my feet high and stamping to get foothold I dislodged many hundredweights of the heap lying there. 
Suddenly, as if by magic, I saw on the walls bared in this way, to my right and left, splendid paintings in colours as fresh as if the artist had only just finished them. (Original Text(18))

The "Praņidhi Scene" was the highlight among the collection of works that the German expedition team brought back from the Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves. Upon their safe transport to Berlin, the murals 

were exhibited in the Berlin Ethnological Museum (Display Layout of the Berlin Ethnological Museum Prior to Air Raids(19)). 


However, due to the fact that the paintings were permanently fixed to the walls of the building, the pieces were affected directly by the air raids in 1944 during the Second World War, and were almost completely destroyed.


(19) (20) (21) (22)


The German team did, however, create thorough expedition reports and catalogues (Floor-plan of Cave 8(20)[b]). In particular, publications such as Le Coq’sChotsho (Berlin, 1913) and Grünwedel’s Altbuddhistische Kultstätten in Chinesisch-Turkistan (Berlin, 1912) contain ample supply of plates including the "Praņidhi Scene," along with very thorough expedition and scholarly reports. 


These are now almost the only resource we have of lost works such as the cave 9[a] mural, which was the highlight of the Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves (Floor Plan of Cave 9(21),Layout of the Murals in Cave 9(22)).


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